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iNGO Project

Handicap International (HI)

Integrated Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Threat Reduction in Savannakhet Province

Last updated:2014-05-13 22:48:11

>Background

The Lao PDR is one of the most heavily bombed countries in the world. During the height of the Indochina War, between 1964 and 1973, US aircraft dropped more than two million tons of explosive ordnance on the country. It is generally accepted that up to 30% of all ordnance delivered failed to detonate. Today, one in four villages reports the continued presence of unexploded ordnance (UXO).

The widespread use of cluster bombs means that in excess of 80 million anti-personnel sub-munitions were dropped across Laos and these bomblets (known locally as bombies) are the most common form of UXO identified. In addition to air-dropped UXO there are also large quantities of unexploded bombs, rockets, grenades, artillery munitions and mortars. Some anti-personnel landmines are present but are mostly restricted in their geographic dispersal in areas surrounding historic military installations.

Accidents involving UXO occur regularly, causing death and injury. Over 11,000 casualties were recorded between 1975 and 1996 and more recent data indicates that the annual UXO casualty rate has remained constant since then. It is of real concern that the proportion of child victims has increased from one-in-three to one-in-two in recent years, a trend associated with increased scrap metal collection driven by the rising world price of steel and other metals.

Besides the personal impact of accidents, injury, disability and death on individuals and families, UXO contamination also hinders rural agriculture and development options. A strong correlation has been identified between UXO and poverty in Laos. Indeed, UNDP has stated that UXO/Mine Action is the absolute pre-condition for the socio-economic development of Lao PDR.

>Objectives

Overall Objective: Poverty in UXO affected villages in Savannakhet province Lao PDR is alleviated through risk removal, increased agricultural production and improved access to essential public services (health and education).

Specific Objective: The threat of UXO is reduced through risk education and removal in the three most affected districts of Savannakhet province.

>Project Activities

UXO Clearance

Clearance teams remove UXO from villages and surrounding agricultural and forest land, while roving teams operate in response to UXO reported by villagers to rapidly remove the temptation to move, open or collect UXO for sale as scrap-metal. All clearance work is closely coordinated with local development projects implemented by NGOs and district authorities.

Risk Education

Village volunteers form the basis of the Risk Education strategy, with at least one volunteer trained and appointed in each targeted village. Village volunteers help ensure sustainability, community participation and the incorporation of local solutions. This approach is consistent with the national Risk Education strategy and the results of the recent UXO Risk Education Needs Assessment.

>Results

During the period May 2006 to January 2007, the project recorded the following achievements:

Total land Cleared - 200,871m2

Beneficiaries of clearance teams - 3,774

Beneficiaries of roving clearance teams - 16 villages

UXO destroyed - 2,625

>Beneficiaries

The primary beneficiaries are the 16,000 people living in the 36 target villages that are the focus of project activities.



Project Start Date Project End Date Current Project Phase Current Phase Start Current Phase End Project Operational Budget
Jan 1st 2012 Dec 31st 2016 0 Jan 1st 2012 Dec 31st 2016 5000000


Project Coordinator Project Partners
Melanie Broquet
020 9884542
hom@handicap-international-laos.org
There are no partners specified


Provinces and districts of project activity:

Provinces Districts
Savannakhet Province - Nong - Sepone - Vilabuly

Sectors and sub-sectors of project activity:

Sectors Sub-sectors
Data Collection & Analysis - UXO DC&A
Education - Risk Behaviour Awareness & Education
Emergency and Humanitarian Relief - UXO Awareness Education - UXO Clearance
Human Resources Development - Capacity Building - Management Training - Technical Training

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